Author Guideline

The manuscript texts are written in English. Manuscripts will be first reviewed by editorial boards. The main text of a manuscript must be submitted as a Word document (.docx) or Rich Text Format (.rtf) file. The manuscript consists of 5000 words (minimum), well-typed in a single column on A4 size paper, and uses 12 pt of Calibri. The manuscript contains an original work and has potentially contributed to a highly scientific advancement.


The manuscript should contain the following sections in this order:

  1. Title

Titles of articles in English should describe the main content of manuscripts, be informative, concise, and not too wordy (maximum of 14 words), and not contain formulas.

  1. The author’s name

A full name without academic degrees and titles, written in capital letters A manuscript written by groups needs to be supplemented with complete contact details.

  1. Name of affiliation for each author

The author name should be accompanied by a complete affiliation address, postal code number, telephone number, and email address.

  1. Abstract

Authors must supply a structured abstract in their submission, which includes: introduction, purpose, design, methods, approach, findings or results, and conclusions. maximum of 200 words in total, excluding keywords.

  1. Keywords

Written in English: 3-5 words or groups of words, written alphabetically.

  1. Introduction

The introduction provides adequate background or context (the problem and its significance) for the study. The subject should not be written extensively. It is expected that the rationale or purpose of the study (gap analysis), the objective in general and specific, and the hypothesis (if any) should be expressed clearly. Present a clear "state of the art" of the subject, which discusses literature and the theoretical concepts behind it. A concise general background may be included in the article. Present at least five recent related works to support the novelty of the research.  Categorize the article into one of the following: (1) editorial article; (2) original article; (3) review article; and (4) innovation article. Divide your article into several headings: Introduction, Method, Results, Discussion, Conclusions and Recommendations, References, and Appendices (if necessary). You must follow how headings are written in this template by selecting Heading 1 in the available styles.

Your article must be 10–15 pages long and submitted in MS Word format. A maximum of 10 (ten) words must be used as the title of the article. Use IMRaD structure in paper sections.

Authors must guarantee that their article is free from plagiarism. Articles that have been submitted or published elsewhere cannot be submitted to the VNUS Journal. Please read our policy on the issue.

Use this template by using styles or by copying and pasting your article into it. Apply italics to words or terminologies in languages other than English.

Second-Level Heading

The second-level heading must be written in boldface and italics using upper and lower cases. You must set your second-level heading left-aligned.

Third-Level Heading

The third-level heading follows the style of the second-level heading. Avoid the use of headings that have more than three levels.

Use a reference manager such as Mendeley, Zotero, or EndNote to cite the works of others. Use the AMA style. Citations put at the beginning of a sentence are also written using numbers within brackets.  VNUS Journal highly recommends the use of Mendeley in preparing references. Mendeley is preferred since it is free to download and use.

  1. Methods

The Methods section provides sufficient details to allow the work to be reproduced by an independent researcher. Methods already published should be summarized and indicated by a reference. If quoting directly from a previously published method, use quotation marks and also cite the source. Any modifications to existing methods should also be described. Indicate the participants observed, including demographic data, number of respondents, the rationale of respondents selection, etc. Describe the design of the experiment, such as the experiment procedures, surveys, interviews, observation characteristics, etc. Write down the complete research procedure. Be sure that the explanations made in the article will allow other researchers to reproduce the work or make future work out of it.

Equations must be presented using consecutive numbers starting with (1). Continue the numbering until the end of the article, including appendices. The number must be in parenthesis and right-aligned. You also need to put spacing before and after an equation.


Nomenclature for your equations must be presented after the References section of your article.

  1. Results

Write the results in logical sequence. Results with important findings should be presented first. When presenting the results in a table or figure, do not repeat all those contents in the text. Present only a summary of the text. Describe the new and important aspects of the study. Do not repeat all the information from the results section or any section above. Present limitations of the study. Write whether the issues are new or unsolved for future research. This section consists of information about what and how the presented data were produced, with no raw data in the article. The produced data are presented in tables or figures with an explanation of what the result or finding from the work is.


The title of a table must be put above the table. In writing the title of a table, you must capitalize each word. All tables and figures have to be consecutive numbers. Figures must be made center-align and left-align for tables.

In presenting your tables, please follow Table 1 and Table 2. If the content of a table is from a particular source, mention the source below the table using font with a size of 7.5 pt.

Tables should be typed and included in the main body of the article. The position of tables should be inserted in the text as close to the point of reference as possible. Ensure that any superscripts or asterisks are shown next to the relevant items and have corresponding explanations displayed as footnotes to the table, figure, or plate.


Figures (charts, diagrams, line drawings, web pages, screenshots, and photographic images) should be submitted in electronic form. All figures should be of high quality, legible, and numbered consecutively with Arabic numerals. Graphics may be supplied in color to facilitate their appearance on the online database. Figures created in MS Word, MS PowerPoint, and MS Excel should be supplied in their native formats. Electronic figures created in other applications should be copied from the origination software and pasted into a MS Word template document. Photographic images should be inserted in the main body of the article and be of high quality. Please follow Figure 1 when preparing pictures. If a figure is from a particular source, you must mention the source. The title of a figure must be put below the figure. Do not put a border on the figures.

  1. Discussion

The section will also need to address connections between findings and basic concepts or hypotheses made earlier. Authors should also express whether any arguments were needed relating to other works by other researchers. Write implications made by the work related to theoretical or practical applications.

  1. Conclusion

The conclusion should be linked to the title and objectives of the study. Do not make statements that are not adequately supported by your findings. Write about the improvements made to the industrial engineering field or science in general. Do not make further discussions, repeat the abstract, or only list the results of research. Do not use bulleted points; use paragraphed sentences instead.

This template is prepared so that all articles published in the VNUS Journal will have a consistent format. Authors must follow this template.

  1. References

References are written in alphabetical order. Minimum referral number: 60–70% taken from the journal. Year published reference minimal from the last 10 years. Avoid referrals in the form of personal communication. The article must be submitted in the format described in the American Psychological Association (APA) style (6th ed., 2009).

Please refer to this website for a free APA Style tutorial: