Study of Knowledge, Attitudes and Behavior Dietary Habits of First Trimester Pregnant Women at Tirtomoyo Health Center II
Keywords:attitude, behavior, dietary habits, knowledge, pregnant women
Introduction: The diet of pregnant women has an impact on the fetus. The way to fulfill nutritional needs is to consume balanced nutrition. Shortage event chronic energy (KEK) in pregnant women is one of the influencing factors anemia. The nutritional adequacy of pregnant women affects their nutritional status. There are 6.4% of pregnant women with KEK and 9.6% of pregnant women with LILA <23.5 cm and there are 7.2% of pregnant women with anemia in Tirtomoyo Health Center II. Knowledge, attitude and behavior is the main key to supporting healthy behavior change. Objective: This research was conducted to find out knowledge, attitudes and behavior of pregnant women about eating habits in the first trimester at Tirtomoyo Public Health Center II in Wonogiri Regency. Method: This research is descriptive research. The research population for pregnant women in the first trimester of 90 people was taken as a sample by accidental sampling of 30 people. The research instrument uses a KAP questionnaire that has been tested for validity and reliability. Presentation of data with frequency distribution. Result: Our study showed that only 33.3% of pregnant women had good knowledge about balanced nutrition in the first trimester. As many as 80% of respondents had a positive attitude towards balanced nutrition in the first trimester and 86.7% of pregnant women had a positive attitude towards fulfilling nutrition in the first trimester. Conclusion: Even though the mother's knowledge was limited regarding balanced nutrition, the mother had good attitudes and behavior regarding the diet of pregnant women in the first trimester. Health workers at the Tirtomoyo II health center need to conduct health education about nutrition in pregnant women.
Annual report on Maternal and Child Health in 2020 at UPTD Tirtomoyo II Health Center
Badan Pusat Statistik. (n.d.). Retrieved August 12, 2023, from https://www.bps.go.id/indikator/indikator/view_data/0000/data/1333/sdgs_2/1
Direktorat Jenderal Pelayanan Kesehatan. (2022). Retrieved August 12, 2023, from https://yankes.kemkes.go.id/view_artikel/1464/pengaruh-masalah-gizi-pada-ibu-hamil
Direktorat Jenderal Pelayanan Kesehatan. (2022). Retrieved August 12, 2023, from https://yankes.kemkes.go.id/view_artikel/1478/gizi-ibu-hamil
Fowles, E. R., Bryant, M., Kim, S., Walker, L. O., Ruiz, R. J., Timmerman, G. M., & Brown, A. (2011). Predictors of Dietary Quality in Low-Income Pregnant Women: A Path Analysis. Nursing Research, 60(5), 286. https://doi.org/10.1097/NNR.0B013E3182266461
Hasan, M. N., Khan, M. N. I., & Sultan, M. Z. (2016). The Pregnant and Lactating Mother’s KAP (Knowledge, Attitude and Practice) and Nutritional Care during Antenatal and Postnatal Period in Ukhia, Cox’s Bazar, Bangladesh . J. Sci. Res, 8(1), 55–70. https://doi.org/10.3329/jsr.v8i1.23951
Mariana, D., Wulandari, D., (2018). Hubungan Pola Makan dengan Kejadian Anemia pada Ibu Hamil di Wilayah Kerja Puskesmas. Jurnal Keperawatan Silampari, 1(2), 108–122. https://doi.org/10.31539/JKS.V1I2.83
Marlapan, S., Wantouw, B., Sambeka, J., (2013). Hubungan Status Gizi dengan Kejadian Anema pada Ibu Hamil di Wilayah Kerja Puskesmas Tuminting Kec. Tuminting Kota Manado. Jurnal Keperawatan, 1(1). https://doi.org/10.35790/JKP.V1I1.2232
Peraturan Menteri Kesehatan Republik Indonesia no. 28 tahun 2019.
Torkan, N., Kazemi, A., Paknahad, Z., & Bahadoran, P. (2018). Relationship of Social Cognitive Theory Concepts to Dietary Habits of Pregnant Women. Iranian Journal of Nursing and Midwifery Research, 23(2), 125. https://doi.org/10.4103/IJNMR.IJNMR_157_16
Wang, W. C., Zou, S. M., Ding, Z., & Fang, J. Y. (2023). Nutritional Knowledge, Attitude and Practices Among Pregnant Females in 2020 Shenzhen China: A Cross-sectional Study. Preventive Medicine Reports, 32, 102155. https://doi.org/10.1016/J.PMEDR.2023.102155
Weerasekara, P. C., Withanachchi, C. R., Ginigaddara, G. A. S., & Ploeger, A. (2020). Food and Nutrition-Related Knowledge, Attitudes, and Practices among Reproductive-age Women in Marginalized Areas in Sri Lanka. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 2020, Vol. 17, Page 3985, 17(11), 3985. https://doi.org/10.3390/IJERPH17113985
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2023 Rahmi Nurrasyidah, Bernaddeta Retno Dwi Susanti, Sugita Sugita
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.